Bulgarian language

Explore the magic of the Bulgarian language

On your first rendezvous with the Bulgarian language, you may get a little confused by the letters.

Magic Bulgarian Language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

Moreover, you can be puzzled by the way Bulgarian language sounds. However, if you know another Slavic language, understanding Bulgarian should be straightforward. Still, if you don’t, you may be facing some challenges.


See the three ways to learn Bulgarian language with Online Bulgarian:

  1. Self-learning
  2. Skype teacher
  3. Corporate Classroom training

You should not be anxious, though.

Once you experience the magic of the Bulgarian language, you will be amazed by the appealing sounds and melody. When you hear it for the first time, you might find the Bulgarian language complicated. However, it is not so hard to learn the basics.

Here we give some interesting facts about it.

Where is the Bulgarian language from?

Contemporary Bulgarian is a mixture. It has mostly Thracian, Slavic, and Proto-Bulgarian words.

Tracians Bulgarian Language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

Often there are plenty of synonyms for everyday things.  Moreover, a lot of foreign words infuse the language. There are many Greek, Turkish, Russian, French, and English words. They penetrate the Bulgarian language through the years of turbulent history.

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences claims there are 200,000 words in the Bulgarian language.

By comparison: The Spanish language has 150,000 words. And the French language has only 135,000. However, you will be okay with just 800 words. It will give you the basis for a meaningful conversation with a local.

So it’s easy. You only need to learn 800 words.

What is the alphabet of the Bulgarian language?

The Bulgarians use the Cyrillic script.

There are thirty letters in the Bulgarian alphabet. Still, some symbols look Latin. However, most are pronounced differently.

This is because, the letters came from the Greek, Coptic and the Glagolitic scripts.

Coptic Bulgarian language

Coptic alphabet

Glagolitic alphabet Bulgarian Language
Glagolitic alphabet

Therefore, the Bulgarian alphabet is a bit confusing for a foreigner. However, it is believed to be a perfect alphabet. It is because there is only one way to pronounce each letter.


See the three ways to learn Bulgarian language with Online Bulgarian:

  1. Self-learning
  2. Skype teacher
  3. Corporate Classroom training

There are some small exceptions, though. But in general, reading comes straightforward once you learn the alphabet. It used to be much more complicated. There were forty-three letters. However, most of them are gone in the modern language.

That is why you shouldn’t be afraid to learn the Bulgarian language.

The difficult letters are gone. So it’s easy.

What are the letters like?

Eleven letters overlap between English and Bulgarian alphabets nowadays. They are part of the same twelve symbols that overlap between Greek and English scripts. However, only A, K, M, and T are pronounced the same way as in English.

Sounds confusing, no?

Wait! There is good news.

Bulgarian alphabet Bulgarian language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

In the Bulgarian alphabet, you always read the letters in the same way. In contrast to some other languages, there is only one sound for each letter. Of course, there are a few minor exceptions.

Yet, letter pronunciation is straightforward every time. Therefore, reading in Bulgarian is a piece of cake.

You read what you write. So it’s easy.

Who created the Cyrillic alphabet?

The World knows the Cyrillic as the Russian alphabet. Nevertheless, it comes from Bulgaria.

It all stars in the 9th century. In year 855-862 the Saints Cyril and Methodius create the so-called Glagolitic alphabet which is the predecessor of the Cyrillic. The saints are believed to be Bulgarian born brothers although they live in the East Roman Empire. Together Cyril and Methodius coin the Glagolitic by order of the Roman Emperor.

Saint Syril and Methodius Bulgarian Language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

Their alphabet is unusual, exotic, and extremely hard to learn. As a result, it quickly became unpopular.

 

The Bulgarian ruler at those years is Tsar Simeon the Great. He orders to Saint Clement of Ohrid to create a new script. Not by chance, Saint Clement is one of the five disciples of Cyril and Methodius. Together the scholars struggle with teaching Glagolitic to the Orthodox priests in Moravia.

The Tsar wanted the new alphabet to be more natural to apprehend compared to the Glagolitic.

At that time most of the Orthodox Christian holy books were written in Greek and Coptic. Because these languages were familiar to the Bulgarian priests, Saint Clement coined the Cyrillic as a mixture of Greek, Coptic, and Glagolitic.

Saint Clement of Ohrid Bulgarian Language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

However, the alphabet kept only a few of the original Glagolitic letters nowadays.

In the following 10th century the five scholars of Cyril and Methodius spread the Cyrillic alphabet around the region. It is mainly used to preach Christianity through the Orthodox countries. For this reason, it became the basis of other Slavic alphabets. It includes the Russian, Serbian, Polish, etc.


See the three ways to learn Bulgarian language with Online Bulgarian:

  1. Self-learning
  2. Skype teacher
  3. Corporate Classroom training

Therefore, if you learn Bulgarian, you will acquire the ability to understand other Slavic languages better.

But don’t be afraid of the Cyrillic.

In its early versions, the alphabet had many complicated letters. However, the modern version is quite simple and easy to use.

Who is using the Cyrillic Alphabet?

Over 300 million people around the world use the Cyrillic script nowadays.

Syrillic usage Bulgarian language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

Besides in Bulgaria, the alphabet is official in several other countries. These are Russia; Serbia; Northern Macedonia; Belarus; Montenegro; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Ukraine; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Tajikistan; and by 2018 Kazakhstan.

Some decades ago, even Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan used the Cyrillic.

Some letters in the Bulgarian language have peculiar features.

The letters from the Glagolitic and Coptic are the weirdest ones.

They are Ж – Ц – Ч – Ш – Щ – Ь – Ъ – Ю – Я.

Moreover, just as the letter “H” is silent in some languages, there is such a letter in the Bulgarian language.

If you see the letter “Ь” /er-maluk, literally – small R/, you cannot pronounce the sound of it. It only goes together with “O” behind it /ьо/, and it reads like [yo]. “Ь” is used to soften the “O” sound together with “Й” /e-kratko, literally short E/ which is also used to soften the “O”.

Yo Bulgarian language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

However, don’t hold back on learning the Bulgarian language. Exceptions are rare and easy to remember.

Have you seen the letter “И”. It looks like a reverse “N”. This letter reads as “E”. It is the 9th symbol of the alphabet.

So it’s easy. You have to learn a few exceptions only.

Some words in the Bulgarian language can’t be translated.

In the Bulgarian language, some words don’t have a straightforward version in other languages.

Ayeliack Bulgarian language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

Often it’s because their purpose is to explain a way of life or a complex situation. You can get for example the word “Ayeliack”. It describes a person that is easy going with a calm approach to life. This kind of people does not take anything personally. They always enjoy their moments here and now.

Such words make the Bulgarian language fascinating. They can set your mind in sync with the Bulgarian way of life.

National Bulgarian language day

In Bulgaria, there is a national holiday in honor of the Bulgarian language.

24-may Bulgarian language
Get a free demo of the online Self-learning course

The 24th of May is the national holiday of the Bulgarian letters.

On this day Bulgarians celebrate the creation of the Cyrillic alphabet. Plus, the Bulgarian Orthodox Church honors the holy brothers Cyril and Methodius – the fathers of the Cyrillic alphabet. On May 24, there are many parades and celebrations around the country.


See the three ways to learn Bulgarian language with Online Bulgarian:

  1. Self-learning
  2. Skype teacher
  3. Corporate Classroom training

If you are in Bulgaria at this time of the year, seeing such a spectacle is always a joyful experience.

Learning Bulgarian is easy. Don’t be afraid! Check out the free demo here.

Leave a Reply